The Louvre museum considered to be the world’s largest museum and a historic monument and a landmark in the city of Paris, france which is house to thousands of most valuable art collections of history. Situated in the right bank of the Seine River, This magnificent palace is visited my millions each year from all over the world and one of france’s biggest tourists attractions which is the second most visited museum in the world after Palace Museum, China. Known in frech as LeMusée du Louvre , museum is home to more than 35,000 art works and 380,000 objects which range from prehistory to the 21st century. Museum is easily accessible with Paris taxi or paris cab services. If the visitors coming from CDG airport to Paris or from Beauvais airport transfer, Orly Airport taxi is a convenient way to arrive at the museum. There are alsopre- arranged Paris shuttle services available from different locations to the museum too.
Museum is established I the Louvre Place , which was Original built as a fortress in 1190 under Philip II, the original remnants of the fortress are still observable in the basement of the museum even today. Although built as a fortress, it was later reconstructed and converted as a royal palace and became the main palace to the French kings from Francis I of France. Over the time its premised was expanded and currently covers an area of 60,600 square meters. From 1862, king Louis XIV chose the palace to display the royal collections of ancient Greek and Roman sculptures and other Art works. From 1692 the palace was occupied by Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres and the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture which occupied the Louvre nearly 100 years. After the French revolution the, Louvre officially became a Museum and opened in 10 August 1793 with exhibition of 537 paintings and most of them were royal and confiscated church property. Under the Napoleon Bonaparte with artifacts captured from foreign lands the collection at the museum was increased greatly and it was renamed Musée Napoléon and later renamed back to its original name after the abdication of Napoleon and some of the artifacts confiscated were returned to the original owners. During the reigns of Louis XVIII, Charles X and Second French Empire museum gained my artifacts and collections was greatly enhanced.
Arts and Other Collections
The museum consists of eight curatorial divisions: Egyptian Antiquities;Near Eastern Antiquities; Greek, Etruscan and Roman Antiquities; Islamic Art;Sculpture; Decorative Arts; Paintings; Prints and Drawings.
The eight departments display 35,000 Art works and over 380,000 objects,
Painting – Out of more than 7,500 paintings on display, arguably most iconic painting in the museum is the Mona Lisa of Leonardo Da Vinci. Most of paintings are by French artists and others consists of many renowned artists around the world including Raphael, Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci and many other notable artists. Many of the well known paintings of the museum have been digitized by the French Center for Research and Restoration of the Museums of France.
Prints and Drawings – department consists of encompasses works on paper. Which includes 1,200 works from Fillipo Baldinucci’s collection in 1806. This collection is organized in to Three sections which includes the core Cabinet du Roi, 14,000 royal copper printing-plates, and the donations of Edmond de Rothschild, which include 40,000 prints, 3,000 drawings, and 5,000 illustrated books.
Decorative arts – collection of this unit initiated with royal property and the transfer of work from the Basilique Saint-Denis, the burial ground of French monarchs that held the Coronation Sword of the Kings of France and also with many donations. Most notable art works include pietre dure vases and bronzes. Campana collection added gold jewelry and maiolicas and medieval collection contains the coronation crown of Louis XIV, Charles V’s sceptre, and the 12th century porphyry vase. Louvre Museum dedicated the Gilbert Chagoury and Rose-Marie Chagoury Gallery to display tapestries donated by the Chagourys in year 2000.
Sculpture – collection of sculptures comprises of works done before 1850 from the time it was a royal palace and works that does not belong in Etruscan, Greek and Roman departments. Notable art works include Michelangelo‘s Dying Slave and Rebellious Slave; King Childebert and stanga door; 11th-century Daniel in the Lions’ Den and the 12th-century Virgin of Auvergne; Germain Pilon‘s Descent from the Cross and Resurrection of Christ; Antonio Canova‘s Psyche Revived by Cupid’s Kiss, and many more of world famous sculptures.
Islamic art – this is the museums newest collection of arts, and the exibits consists of Ceramics, Glass, Metalware, Wood, Ivory, Textile, Carpets and miniatures. Amongst over 500 works, its grand artifacts includes three pages of the Shahnameh, an epic book of poems by Ferdowsi, 10th century ivory box from Andalusia, engraved brass basin from the 13th or 14th century Mamluk period and 0th century Shroud of Saint-Josse from Iran.
Greek, Etruscan, and Roman – These artifacts on display include items rom the Mediterranean Basin dating from the Neolithic to the end of Roman Empire. Collection based around marble sculptures. This unit also includes collections from from the Hellenistic era, including The Winged Victory of Samothrace (190 BC) and the Venus de Milo, iconic classical arts . The long Galerie Campana displays rich collection of more than a thousand Greek potteries.
Near Eastern antiquities – This collection shows depth of early near eastern civilization before the arrival of islam. Collection comprises with artifacts such as archaeological works like Paul-Émile Botta‘s 1843 expedition to Khorsabad and the discovery of Sargon II‘s palace and and many more works from archaic period and rare objects from Persepolis.
Egyptian antiquities – with over 50,000 pieces of artifacts this collection includes exhibits from Nile civilizations dating from 4,000 BC to 4th Century AD. Items on display include Art, Papyrus scrolls, Mummies, Tools , Clothing, Jewelry, Games, Musical instruments, and weapons.
Access and Opening Hours
As a museum of this size and with such rich collection of arts cannot be covered in one visit, its advisable to stay for few days at paris to see the wonders awaiting at the worlds largest museum. Louvre is open from 9.00 AM to 6.00 PM except Tuesdays. And for the transport for the visitors Paris taxi or paris cab services are best ways to access the Louvre. If the visitors coming from CDG airport to Paris or from Beauvais airport transfer, Orly Airport taxi is a convenient way to arrive at the museum. There are also pre- arranged Paris shuttle services available from different locations to the museum too